Bo hospital reaches out to Sierra Leone's poorest
By Phileas Jusu, UMNS*
“Baby Betty” is one of United Methodist Mercy Hospital’s success stories. The photo at left shows the child when she was first seen at the clinic. Mohamed Khadar, the hospital’s outreach manager, says she was severely malnourished and sick with pneumonia. She was treated and put on a special diet. The photo at right shows her now, over 2 years old and healthy. Photos courtesy of Phileas Jusu and Mercy Hospital.
United Methodist Mercy Hospital’s outreach program is transforming the lives of the poorest of the poor in Sierra Leone.
The program targets pregnant women, nursing mothers and children under 5 years old in remote communities where availability of health care and the ability to pay is a challenge.
Once every month, staff from the United Methodist hospital trek to hard-to-reach communities to provide free treatment. At other times, the outreach team invites people to visit the hospital for treatment at no cost. The United Methodist Board of Global Ministries helps support the hospital through its Advance program.
Pregnant women visiting for the first time receive long-lasting insecticide-treated nets to help them avoid mosquito bites while sleeping at night.
“We test pregnant women for malaria, syphilis and HIV ... Positive HIV cases are put on medication to prevent mother-to-child transmission. Partners of positive cases are encouraged to do testing,” said Mohamed Khadar, outreach manager for the hospital.
For cases of malnutrition, he said, the children are supplied therapeutic food called Pikinmix (pikin means “child” in Krio).
“That lasts them for a month, so that they have enough food up to our next visit or when they come to see us at the hospital.”
Kadar said the outreach is making a difference in people’s lives.
He cites the case of “Baby Betty,” an infant from a Tikonko village who was severely malnourished when she came for treatment at 16 months old.
“She was sick with severe acute respiratory infections, was coughing severely and also had pneumonia. We treated her and put her on special diet,” Kadar said. “She is now over 2 years old and looks very healthy.”
Mamie Kabba, from another Tikonko village, was 7 months old when the team met her.
“She, too, was completely malnourished but now is very healthy (at 2 years old),” Khadar said.
Both Baby Betty and Mamie Kabba are featured as Mercy Hospital success stories in the Helping Children Worldwide 2018 Magazine. The Virginia-based philanthropist foundation, which serves vulnerable children and families through education, health care and spiritual mentoring, supports Mercy Hospital.
“We do not have anything to give,” Alex Yambasu, Betty’s grandfather, told the magazine. “We named the second child Mercy to show our thanks.”
Augusta Kpanabum, chief nurse at Mercy Hospital, said the outreach team travels to remote areas to reach those most in need.
“(The team members) also make referrals to the hospital for severe cases, including pregnant women who face complications after delivery in the communities.”
Staff at United Methodist Mercy Hospital in Bo, Sierra Leone, weigh a child during one of the hospital’s outreach days on the hospital grounds. Photo by Phileas Jusu, UMNS.
According to a 2017 United Nations Population Fund report, Sierra Leone has one of the world’s highest estimated maternal mortality ratios with 1,165 deaths out of every 100,000 live births.
Kpanabum said the outreach works to minimize cases of maternal and infant mortality rates in the deprived communities.
While the team is making inroads in care, they still face challenges, including issues with mobility, Khadar said.
One of the outreach vehicles is on standby for emergencies, and certain areas are only accessible by motorbike, especially during the rainy season.
The Mercy team is seeing an increase in HIV infection in the Bo district.
Positive cases rose from 150 in January 2018 to 200 in October.
However, Mohamed Koroma, Mercy Hospital HIV coordinator, said the increase is likely due to the team’s vigilance in the communities and awareness efforts.
“The figures might not be practically going up but more tests are now being done, which unveil the true figures that have been lurking in the dark,” he said.
“People now have more access to information. We’re reaching out more into the communities and hence discovering more. Also, our care and treatment of HIV patients is encouraging more people to come and know their status.”
Infection rate among women is higher than in men because more women report for testing than men, he added.
“We test (the women) on antenatal days and also when we go on outreach in the communities because it is the women that bring the children to the clinics,” Koroma said.
The Bo Government Hospital also confirmed an increase in the HIV infection rate in the district. According to hospital data, on Dec. 1, World AIDS Day, 88 new cases were discovered through voluntary counseling and testing — far outnumbering last year’s figures.
However, recent National Aids Secretariat publications have rebutted claims that the disease is on the rise, pegging it at 65,000 infected countrywide, which is around 1 percent of the total population.
On World AIDS Day, Sierra Leone President Julius Maada Bio referred to AIDS as an existential threat and urged all to become activists.
He promised his government would eradicate economic barriers to accessing HIV testing and treatment services.
Khadar emphasized that Mercy Hospital is intensifying voluntary counseling and testing while encouraging the infected to bring in their partners for testing. The team is also expanding HIV education with a focus on putting an end to bad traditional practices that promote the spilling of blood.
*Jusu is director of communications for The United Methodist Church in Sierra Leone.