Various missionary initivatives worked to build Methodist congregations in Croatia in the 1920s but found little success. These initiatives were eventually discontinued. In Pula, a city in the Italian-owned Istria County, a number of Methodist congregations remained opened, closing only when Istria became part of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia in 1947.
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After the fall of Communism, UMCOR requested that the bishop of Central and Southern Europe Conference send a pastor to minister in the war-damaged country. At the same time, Peter Zunic, a native Croatian, heard the call to missionary work in his former homeland while studying at the Theological Seminary in Reutlingen, Germany. In 1995, Zunic and his wife, Heidi, arrived in Split, Croatia, and began to revive the work of the church in the country. Most of their efforts centered on evangelical work and the production of Christian literature, but they also made contact with a nearby orphan’s home, regularly organizing activities for children and youth.
In an almost exclusively Roman Catholic area, it was difficult for the church to grow. In October 2010, the congregational work of the Split UMC was discontinued, though mission work and outreach still continue.